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Title: Characteristics and functional status of victims with fractured injury in Lushan earthquake
Other Title: 芦山地震骨折伤员伤情特点及功能分析
Authors: Wang, Q
Liu, C
Wang, P
Wei, XF
Zhou, YJ
Tao, YX
He, CQ
Issue Date: 2015
Source: 四川大学学报. 医学版 (Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition), 2015, v. 46, no. 4, p. 606-610
Abstract: 目的:分析芦山地震骨折伤员的伤情特点和功能受限情况,为地震后骨折患者的康复提供指导依据。
结果 :113例地震骨折伤员中,坠落伤是最常见的受伤原因,占总例数的39.82%;椎体骨折是最常见类型,占26.55%;损伤以轻度为主,占80.53%;合并症发生率高,占89.37%。运动功能受限主要是关节活动度受限、平衡功能受限和肌力下降,分别占97.35%、89.38%和87.61%;心肺功能受限的比例为19.47%;循环功能受限的比例为18.58%;日常生活活动能力受限比例为76.11%,其中,洗澡、上下楼梯和行走功能受限分别为96.46%、86.73%和78.76%;疼痛发生率高,为97.35%,其中VAS值在4~6分区间的比例最大,占40.71%,心理功能、职业功能和社会交往功能受限比例分别为46.02%、99.12%和100%。
Objective: To analyze the functional limitations and characteristics of victims with fractured injury in Lushan Earthquake.
Methods: A total of 113 patients admitted to the hospital from April 20th to 30th 2013 for treatment of fractured injury in Lushan Earthquake were recruited for this study. They were evaluated by the department of rehabilitation medicine in West China Hospital using a questionnaire.
Results: The most common. cause of injury was falling (39.82%). Vertebral fractures (26.55%) was the most common type of injury. Most injure was light (80.53%), but incidence of complications was high (89.37%). Motor functional limitations included restricted range of motion (97.35%), balance functional limitation (89.38%) and decreased muscle force (87.61%). Limited cardiopulmonary function and limited circular function occurred in about 19.47% of patients. About 76.11% patients had restricted activities of daily living capacities, predominantly in bathing (96.46%), stair climbing (86.73%), and walking (78.76%). Pain symptoms were common (97.35%), with 4-6 in visual analogue scale (VAS) values accounting for 40.71% of those reporting pains. Limited psychological function, professional function and social function was reported by 46.02%, 99.12% and 100% patients, respectively.
Conclusion: Fractured injury of Lushan earthquake victims has its own characteristics. Increased attention should be paid to the restoration of psychological function, professional function and social function.
Keywords: Fracture
Function limitation
Lushan earthquake
Publisher: 四川大学学报(医学版)编辑部
Journal: 四川大学学报. 医学版 (Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition) 
ISSN: 1672-173X
Rights: © 2015 中国学术期刊电子杂志出版社。本内容的使用仅限于教育、科研之目的。
© 2015 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. It is to be used strictly for educational and research use.
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