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Title: 范仲淹麾下大將范恪事蹟考
Other Title: The military career of General Fan Ke (1011-1060), a great general who served under Marshal Fan Zhongyan (989-1052)
Authors: Ho, KW
Issue Date: 2010
Source: 九州學林 (Chinese culture quarterly), Autumn 2010, p. 153-184
Abstract: 北宋名臣范仲淹(989-1052)在仁宗朝(1022-1063)經略西邊多年,識拔擢用許多起於卒伍的將校,其中功勳最著,最享大名的首推种世衡(985-1045)與狄青(1008-1057)。在二人之後的則有後來官至三衙管及節度觀察留後,被范仲淹許為 “忠勇敢戰,身先士卒” 的步軍副都指揮使王信(988-1048),以及本文的主角,被譽為 “武力過人,臨戰有勇”、官至馬軍副都指揮使的范恪(1011-1060,初名范全)。本文據宋人官私記載,以及范恪親屬墓誌銘的史料,考述范恪的生平事蹟及其軍旅生涯,並以此一個案研究,論析那些從卑末行伍出身的武人,如何在文臣的提攜識拔下,靠着自身的本事,在沙場上建立汗馬功勞,從而出入頭地, 成為將帥。本文亦透過此一個案,論析宋代的文武關係以及武人與社會流動諸問題。另外本文亦附考范恪的事業繼承人,其女婿孫昭諫(1037-1101)的軍旅生涯及生平事蹟。
This article examines the military career of General Fan Ke 范恪(1011-1060), who rose from the rank and file to act as commander-in-chief of the imperial cavalry under the command of Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹(989-1052), the great reformer and statesman. A contribution to the understanding of the relationship between civilian and military officials in the Northern Song dynasty, this case study also shows how the promise of social mobility could motivate a commoner who opted for the military ladder of success rather than the civil route that led through the bureaucratic examinations. The article also examines the military career of General Sun Zhaojian 孫昭諫(1037-1101), the successor and the son-in-law of Fan Ke.
Keywords: Fan Ke
Fan Zhongyan
Sun Zhaojian
Military careers
Publisher: 香港城市大學中國文化中心
Journal: 九州學林 (Chinese culture quarterly) 
ISSN: 1729-9756
DOI: 10.5404/jiuzhou.2010.27.07
Rights: 《九州學林》授權使用
Reproduced with permission of the publisher.
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

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