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Title: Three-dimensional vorticity measurements in the wake of a yawed circular cylinder
Authors: Zhou, T
Wang, H
Razali, SFM
Zhou, Y
Cheng, L
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Source: Physics of fluids, Jan. 2010, v. 22, no. 1, 015108, p. 1-15
Abstract: Using a phase-averaged technique, the dependence of the wake vortical structures on cylinder yaw angle α (=0°–45°) was investigated by measuring all three-velocity and vorticity components simultaneously using an eight-hot wire vorticity probe in the intermediate region (x/d = 10) of a yawed stationary circular cylinder wake. For all yaw angles, the phase-averaged velocity and vorticity contours display apparent Kármán vortices. It is found that when α ≤ 15°, the maximum coherent concentrations of the three vorticity components do not change with α. However, when α is increased to 45°, the maximum concentrations of the coherent transverse and spanwise vorticity components decrease by about 33% and 50%, respectively, while that of the streamwise vorticity increases by about 70%, suggesting that the strength of the Kármán vortex shed from the yawed cylinder decreases and the three dimensionality of the flow is enhanced. The maximum coherent concentrations of u and v contours decrease by more than 20% while that of w increases by 100%. Correspondingly, the coherent contributions to the velocity variances 〈u²〉 and 〈v²〉 decrease, while that of 〈w²〉 increases. These results may indicate the generation of the secondary axial vortices in yawed cylinder wakes when α is larger than 15°. (See Article file for details of the abstract.)
Keywords: Vortices
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Journal: Physics of fluids 
ISSN: 1070-6631 (print)
1089-7666 (online)
DOI: 10.1063/1.3291072
Rights: © 2010 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in T. Zhou et al., Phys. Fluids 22, 015108 (2010) and may be found at
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