Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/30817
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dc.contributorDepartment of Rehabilitation Sciencesen_US
dc.creatorLeung, GPKen_US
dc.creatorChan, CCHen_US
dc.creatorChung, RCKen_US
dc.creatorPang, MYCen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-19T06:58:23Z-
dc.date.available2014-12-19T06:58:23Z-
dc.identifier.issn0891-4222en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10397/30817-
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPergamon Pressen_US
dc.rights© 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.rights© 2011. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.rightsThe following publication Leung, G. P., Chan, C. C., Chung, R. C., & Pang, M. Y. (2011). Determinants of activity and participation in preschoolers with developmental delay. Research in developmental disabilities, 32(1), 289-296 is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.10.005en_US
dc.subjectChildrenen_US
dc.subjectCommunity participationen_US
dc.subjectDevelopmental delay disordersen_US
dc.subjectPreschoolen_US
dc.subjectRehabilitationen_US
dc.titleDeterminants of activity and participation in preschoolers with developmental delayen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dc.identifier.spage289en_US
dc.identifier.epage296en_US
dc.identifier.volume32en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ridd.2010.10.005en_US
dcterms.abstractAccording to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model endorsed by the World Health Organization, activity (the execution of a task or action by an individual), and participation (involvement in a life situation) are important components in the assessment of health and functioning of an individual. The purpose of this study was to compare the activity performance and school participation of preschool children with developmental delay (DD) and age-matched typically developing children, and to identify the determinants of activity and participation in preschoolers with DD. Fifty-four children with DD (37 boys, 17 girls; mean age: 66 months) and 54 age-matched typically developing children (34 boys, 20 girls; mean age: 65 months) were recruited from the mainstream preschools with integrated program units. Activity and participation were evaluated using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) and School Function Assessment (SFA). Other factors that may influence activity and participation such as impairments in sensory, motor, and mental functioning, and other contextual factors (e.g. family income) were also measured. The DD group had significantly lower VABS (p< 0.001) and SFA (p< 0.001) scores than controls, indicating suboptimal activity and participation. Multiple regression analysis revealed that deficits in social and motor skills, and in inattention/hyperactivity, were significantly associated with activity and participation in children with DD, accounting for approximately 35-37% of the variance in the VABS and SFA scores (p< 0.001). In conclusion, deficits in social and motor functioning, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder-related symptoms, are important determinants of activity and participation in preschoolers with DD. One may consider targeting these specific areas to enhance activity and participation amongst these children.en_US
dcterms.accessRightsopen accessen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationResearch in developmental disabilities, Jan. -Feb. 2011, v. 32, no. 1, p. 289-296en_US
dcterms.isPartOfResearch in developmental disabilitiesen_US
dcterms.issued2011-01-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000285315600037-
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-78649702370-
dc.identifier.pmid21036536-
dc.identifier.eissn1873-3379en_US
dc.identifier.rosgroupidr51161-
dc.description.ros2010-2011 > Academic research: refereed > Publication in refereed journalen_US
dc.description.oaAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.FolderNumbera0587-n07-
dc.identifier.SubFormID295-
dc.description.fundingSourceSelf-fundeden_US
dc.description.pubStatusPublisheden_US
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