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Title: Reliability and validity of the sideways step test and its correlation with motor function after stroke
Authors: Pang, EYF
Fong, SSM
Tse, MMY 
Tam, EWC
Ng, SSM 
So, BCL 
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Journal of physical therapy science, 2015, v. 27, no. 6, p. 1839-1845
Abstract: [Purpose] This study investigated the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the sideways step test (SST), its correlation with other indicators of stroke-specific impairment, and the cut-off count best discriminating subjects with stroke from their healthy counterparts. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three subjects with chronic stroke and 41 healthy subjects older than 50 years participated in this study. The SST was administered along with the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment for the lower extremities (FMA-LE), the five-times sit to stand (5TSTS) test, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the movement velocity (MVL) by the limits of stability (LOS) test, the ten-metre walk (10mW) test, the timed “Up and Go” (TUG) test and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale. [Results] The SST showed good to excellent intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability. The SST counts correlated with 5TSTS times, 10mW times, TUG times, and the FMA-LE and BBS scores. SST counts of 11 for the paretic leg and 14 for the non-paretic leg were found to distinguish the healthy adults from subjects with stroke. [Conclusion] The sideways step test is a reliable clinical test, which correlates with the functional strength, gait speed, and functional balance of people with chronic stroke.
Keywords: Balance
Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science (Rigaku Ryoho Kagakugakkai)
Journal: Journal of Physical Therapy Science 
ISSN: 0915-5287
DOI: 10.1589/jpts.27.1839
Rights: ©2015 The Society of Physical Therapy Science. Published by IPEC Inc.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd)License <>.
The following publication Pang EY, Fong SS, Tse MM, Tam EW, Ng SS, So BC. Reliability and validity of the sideways step test and its correlation with motor function after stroke. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Jun;27(6):1839-1845 is available at
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