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Title: A fast fractal image coding based on kick-out and zero contrast conditions
Authors: Lai, CM
Lam, KMK 
Siu, WC 
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Source: IEEE transactions on image processing, Nov. 2003, v. 12, no. 11, p. 1398-1403
Abstract: A fast algorithm for fractal image coding based on a single kick-out condition and the zero contrast prediction is proposed in this paper. The single kick-out condition can avoid a large number of range-domain block matches when finding the best matched domain block. An efficient method for zero contrast prediction is also proposed, which can determine whether the contrast factor for a domain block is zero or not, and compute the corresponding difference between the range block and the transformed domain block efficiently and exactly. The proposed algorithm can achieve the same reconstructed image quality as the exhaustive search, and can greatly reduce the required computation or runtime. In addition, this algorithm does not need any pre-processing step or additional memory for its implementation, and can combine with other fast fractal algorithms to further improve the speed. Experimental results show that the runtime is reduced by about 50% of that of the exhaustive search method. When combined with the DCT Inner Product algorithm, the required runtime for the algorithm can be further reduced by about 50%. The proposed algorithm was also compared to two other fast fractal algorithms. Experimental results also show that our algorithm achieves a better efficiency and requires a much smaller amount of memory for implementation.
Keywords: Fractal image coding
Full search
Image compression
Zero contrast
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Journal: IEEE transactions on image processing 
ISSN: 1057-7149
EISSN: 1941-0042
DOI: 10.1109/TIP.2003.817246
Rights: © 2003 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
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