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Title: Sensory organization of balance control in children with developmental coordination disorder
Authors: Fong, SSM 
Lee, VYL 
Pang, MYC 
Issue Date: Nov-2011
Source: Research in developmental disabilities, 2011, v. 32, no. 6, p. 2376-2382
Abstract: This study aimed to (1) compare functional balance performance and sensory organization of postural control between children with and without developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and (2) determine the association between postural control and participation diversity among children with DCD. We recruited 81 children with DCD and 67 typically developing children. Balance was evaluated with the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (Movement ABC-2). Participation patterns were evaluated using the Children Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment assessment. Analysis of variance was used to compare outcome variables between the two groups. A multiple regression analysis was performed to examine the relationship between participation diversity and balance performance in children with DCD. The DCD group had significantly lower Movement ABC-2 balance scores, SOT-derived equilibrium scores, and sensory ratios than the control group (p<0.05). However, only the Movement ABC-2 balance score was significantly associated with participation diversity in children with DCD. After accounting for the effects of age and gender, Movement ABC-2 balance score remained significantly associated with participation diversity, explaining 10.9% of the variance (F change1,77=9.494, p=0.003). Children with DCD demonstrate deficits in sensory organization of balance control. This suboptimal balance ability contributes to limited participation in activities.
Keywords: Activity
Clumsy children
Postural control
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: Research in developmental disabilities 
ISSN: 0891-4222
EISSN: 1873-3379
DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.07.025
Rights: © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
© 2011. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
The following publication Fong, S. S., Lee, V. Y., & Pang, M. Y. (2011). Sensory organization of balance control in children with developmental coordination disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(6), 2376-2382 is available at
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