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Title: Adaptive fuzzy clustering in constructing parametric images for low SNR functional imaging
Authors: Wen, L
Eberl, S
Fulham, MJ
Feng, DD
Bai, J
Issue Date: 2008
Source: Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE 10th Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing : 8-10 October, 2008, Cairns, Australia, p. 117-121
Abstract: Functional imaging can provide quantitative functional parameters to aid early diagnosis. Low signal to noise ratio (SNR) in functional imaging, especially for single photon emission computed tomography, poses a challenge in generating voxel-wise parametric images due to unreliable or physiologically meaningless parameter estimates. Our aim was to systematically investigate the performance of our recently proposed adaptive fuzzy clustering (AFC) technique, which applies standard fuzzy clustering to sub-divided data. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to generate noisy dynamic SPECT data with quantitative analysis for the fitting using the general linear least square method (GLLS) and enhanced model-aided GLLS methods. The results show that AFC substantially improves computational efficiency and obtains improved reliability as standard fuzzy clustering in estimating parametric images but is prone to slight underestimation. Normalization of tissue time activity curves may lead to severe overestimation for small structures when AFC is applied.
Keywords: Monte Carlo methods
Biological tissues
Curve fitting
Fuzzy set theory
Least squares approximations
Medical image processing
Parameter estimation
Pattern clustering
Single photon emission computed tomography
Publisher: IEEE
ISBN: 978-1-4244-2295-1
DOI: 10.1109/MMSP.2008.4665059
Rights: © 2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
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