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Title: Factors associated with symptoms of depression among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic
Other Title: Fatores associados aos sintomas de depressão entre idosos durante a pandemia da COVID-19
Authors: Pereira-Ávila, FMV
Lam, SC 
Goulart, MCEL
Góes, FGB
Pereira-Caldeira, NMV
Gir, E
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Texto & contexto-enfermagem, 2021, v. 30, e20200380
Abstract: Objective: to identify factors associated with depressive symptoms among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Method: a cross-sectional study developed in all regions of Brazil, using an electronic form among older adults aged 60 or over. Data were collected from April 17 to May 15, 2020. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were used. For comparison of means, Student’s t-test and analysis of variance were applied, considering p≤0.05. For association of factors, chi-square was adopted with bivariate analyzes and logistic regression.
Results: nine hundred (100.0%) older adults participated in the study. The general score for symptoms of depression was 3.8 (SD=4.4), 818 (91.9%) had no or mild depressive symptoms. Women (p <0.01) have more symptoms than men. The income variable is a predictor of depressive symptoms (OR=0.56; CI: 0.34-0.91; p=0.020).
Conclusion: the main factors associated with symptoms of depression were sex, income, education and occupations that expose them to COVID-19 had the highest depression scores.
Keywords: Aged
Coronavirus infections
Depression
Pandemic
Sociali
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Journal: Texto & contexto-enfermagem 
ISSN: 0104-0707
EISSN: 1980-265X
DOI: 10.1590/1980-265x-tce-2020-0380
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
The following publication Pereira-Ávila FMV, Lam SC, Goulart MCL, Góes FGB, Pereira-Caldeira NMV, Gir E. Factors associated with symptoms of depression among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Texto Contexto Enferm [Internet]. 2021 [cited YEAR MONTH DAY]; 30:e20200380 is available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-265X-TCE-2020-0380
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