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Title: Factors associated to the practice of using masks by the population of Paraíba during the COVID-19 pandemic
Other Title: Fatores associados à prática do uso de máscaras pela população paraibana durante a pandemia da COVID-19
Authors: Pereira-Ávila, FMV
Lam, SC 
Gir, E
Góes, FGB
Freire, MEM
Silva,ACO
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Universidade de Sao Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem. Revista, 2021, v. 55, e03735, p. 1-10
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the practice of using masks by the population of the Brazilian state of Paraíba during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Method: Cross-sectional, descriptiveanalytical study conducted with adults living in the state of Paraíba through an online instrument from April to May 2020, through the Face Mask Use Scale of Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas da Paraíba.
Results: The participants amounted to 1,307 (100.0%) individuals, who were predominantly female (78.0%), aged 35 to 45 (32.3%), married (53.3%) and post-graduates (46.9%). The mean score for the practice of using masks was 18.7 (SD = 8.0; minimum 6.00; maximum 30). The use of masks for self-protection scored 9.8 (DP = 3.9; minimum 3.0; maximum 15.0), whereas the score for protection of others was 8.9 (SD = 4.5; minimum 3.0; maximum 15.0). In the comparison between the scores of the practice of using masks, there was a significant statistical difference for gender, education, age group, and income (p ≤ 0.01). The practice of using masks was more frequent in health environments, 7.3 (DP = 3.2).
Conclusion: The practice of using masks was predominant among women, people over 35, married, with an income higher than seven minimum wages, and post-graduation. The use of masks for self-protection was higher than for the protection of others and its use in health environments was higher than in the others.
Keywords: Communicable diseases
Coronavirus infections
Masks
Pandemics
Public health
Security measures
Publisher: Universidade de Sao Paulo * Escola de Enfermagem
Journal: Universidade de Sao Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem. Revista 
ISSN: 0080-6234
EISSN: 1980-220X
DOI: 10.1590/S1980-220X2020029403735
Rights: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Pereira-Ávila FMV, Lam SC, Gir E, Góes FGB, Freire MEM, Silva ACO. Factors associated to the practice of using masks by the population of Paraíba during the COVID-19 pandemic. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2021;55:e03735 is available at https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2020029403735
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