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Title: Factors associated with the use and reuse of face masks among Brazilian individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic
Other Title: Fatores associados à utilização e reutilização de máscaras entre Brasileiros durante a pandemia da COVID-19
Factores asociados a la utilización y reutilización de máscaras entre Brasileños durante la pandemia del COVID-19
Authors: Pereira-ávila, FMV
Lam, SC 
Góes, FGB
Gir, E
Pereira-Caldeira, NMV
Teles, SA
Caetano, KAA
Goulart, MCEL
Bazilio, TR
Silva, ACOE
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Source: Revista Latino-Americana de enfermagem, 7 Sept. 2020, v. 28, e3360, p. 1-9
Abstract: Objective: to identify the factors associated with the use and reuse of masks among Brazilian individuals in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Method: cross-sectional study conducted in the five Brazilian regions, among adult individuals, via an electronic form disseminated in social media, addressing general information and the use of masks. Bivariate analysis and binary logistic regression were used to identify the factors associated with the use and reuse of masks.
Results: 3,981 (100%) individuals participated in the study. In total, 95.5% (CI 95%: 94.8-96.1) reported using masks. Fabric masks were more frequently reported (72.7%; CI 95%: 71.3-74.1), followed by surgical masks (27.8%; CI 95%: 26.5-29.2). The percentage of reuse was 71.1% (CI 95%: 69.7-72.5). Most (55.8%; CI 95%: 51.7-60.0) of those exclusively wearing surgical masks reported its reuse. Being a woman and having had contact with individuals presenting respiratory symptoms increased the likelihood of wearing masks (p≤0.001). Additionally, being a woman decreased the likelihood of reusing surgical masks (p≤0.001).
Conclusion: virtually all the participants reported the use of masks, most frequently fabric masks. The findings draw attention to a risky practice, that of reusing surgical and paper masks. Therefore, guidelines, public policies, and educational strategies are needed to promote the correct use of masks to control and prevent COVID-19.
Keywords: Coronavirus
Covid-19
Descriptors: masks
Infections by coronavirus
Pandemic
Reuse
Publisher: University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto College of Nursing Organisation
Journal: Revista Latino-Americana de enfermagem 
EISSN: 1518-8345
DOI: 10.1590/1518-8345.4604.3360
Rights: Copyright © 2020 Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons (CC BY) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en).
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.
The following publication Pereira-ávila, F. M. V., Lam, S. C., Góes, F. G. B., Gir, E., Pereira-Caldeira, N. M. V., Teles, S. A., . . . Silva, A. C. O. E. (2020). Factors associated with the use and reuse of face masks among brazilian individuals during the covid-19 pandemic. [Fatores associados à utilização e reutilização de máscaras entre brasileiros durante a pandemia da COVID-19] Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem, 28,, e3360, 1-91-9 is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.4604.3360
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