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Title: Recent advances in control technologies for non-point source pollution with nitrogen and phosphorous from agricultural runoff : current practices and future prospects
Authors: Xia, YF
Zhang, M
Tsang, DCW 
Geng, N
Lu, DB
Zhu, LF
Igalavithana, AD
Dissanayake, PD
Rinklebe, J
Yang, X
Ok, YS
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Applied biological chemistry, 4 Feb. 2020, v. 63, no. 1, 8, p. 1-13
Abstract: Eutrophication of natural water is a universal problem. Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from agricultural runoff are the main sources of nutrient input, provided that emissions from industrial point sources (IPS) are under control. Therefore, it is of great environmental importance to reduce pollution associated with agricultural runoff as a means of regulating eutrophication levels in natural water. Numerous methods proposed for treating agricultural runoff can be classified into three categories: source control, process control, and end treatment. In this review, major technologies for N and P control from agricultural runoff are summarized along with discussion of newly proposed technologies such as biochar biomimetics and microbial catalyst. Because agricultural runoff (from farmlands to receiving waters) is a complicated pollution process, it is difficult to regulate the nutrients discharged via such process. This review will thus offer a comprehensive understanding on the overall process of agricultural runoff and eutrophication to help establish control strategies against highly complicated agricultural non-point sources.
Keywords: Eutrophication
Phytoremediation
Charcoal
Black carbon
Soil organic matter
Water and wastewater treatment
Sustainable development goals
Publisher: Springer
Journal: Applied biological chemistry 
EISSN: 2468-0842
DOI: 10.1186/s13765-020-0493-6
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
The following publication Xia, Y., Zhang, M., Tsang, D.C.W. et al. Recent advances in control technologies for non-point source pollution with nitrogen and phosphorous from agricultural runoff: current practices and future prospects. Appl Biol Chem 63, 8 (2020) is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13765-020-0493-6
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