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Title: Measurement of neurovascular coupling in human motor cortex using simultaneous transcranial Doppler and electroencephalography
Authors: Alam, M 
Ahmed, G 
Ling, YT 
Zheng, YP 
Issue Date: Jun-2018
Source: Physiological measurement, June 2018, v. 39, no. 6, 65005
Abstract: Objective: Event-related desynchronization (ERD) is a relative power decrease of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in a specific frequency band during physical motor execution, while transcranial Doppler (TCD) measures cerebral blood flow velocity. The objective of this study was to investigate the neurovascular coupling in the motor cortex by using an integrated EEG and TCD system, and to find any difference in hemodynamic responses in healthy young male and female adults.
Approach: Thirty healthy volunteers, aged 20-30 years, were recruited for this study. The subjects were asked to perform a motor task for the duration of a provided visual cue. Simultaneous EEG and TCD recording was carried out using a new integrated system to detect the ERD arising from the EEG signals, and to measure the mean blood flow velocity of the left and right middle cerebral arteries from bilateral TCD signals.
Main results: The results showed a significant decrease in EEG power in the mu band (7.5-12.5 Hz) during the motor task compared to the resting phase. It showed significant increase in desynchronization on the contralateral side of the motor task compared to the ipsilateral side. Mean blood flow velocity during the task phase was significantly higher in comparison with the resting phase at the contralateral side. The results also showed a significantly higher increase in the percentage of mean blood flow velocity in the contralateral side of motor task compared to the ipsilateral side. However, no significant difference in desynchronization or change of mean blood flow velocity was found between males and females.
Significance: A combined TCD-EEG system successfully detects ERD and blood flow velocity in cerebral arteries, and can be used as a useful tool to study neurovascular coupling in the brain. There is no significant difference in the hemodynamic responses in healthy young males and females.
Keywords: Circle of Willis
Neurovascular coupling
Event related desynchronization
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Journal: Physiological measurement 
ISSN: 0967-3334
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6579/aac812
Rights: © 2018 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine
This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 (license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
The following publication Alam, M., Ahmed, G., Ling, Y. T., & Zheng, Y. P. (2018). Measurement of neurovascular coupling in human motor cortex using simultaneous transcranial Doppler and electroencephalography. Physiological Measurement, 39(6), 065005 is available at https://doi.org/10.1088/1361- 6579/aac812
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