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Title: Prosocial norms as a positive youth development construct : a conceptual review
Authors: Siu, AMH 
Shek, DTL 
Law, B
Issue Date: 1-May-2012
Source: The scientific world journal, 1 May 2012, v. 2012, 832026, p. 1-7
Abstract: Beliefs in the future are an internalization of hope and optimism about future outcomes. This paper reviews and compares several theories of hope and optimism and highlights the features constituting beliefs in the future. This paper points out that beliefs in the future include a series of goal-directed thoughts and motivation, such as setting up valued and attainable goals, planning pathways, and maintaining self-confidence and mastery, so as to keep adolescents engaged in the pursuit of goals. This kind of personal mastery, together with sociocultural values, family, school, and peers are the antecedents leading to beliefs in the future, which is related to adolescents well-being and positive development. In order to cultivate adolescents beliefs in the future, enabling their ability to manipulate goal-directed thoughts and motivation and providing a supportive environment including their family, school, peers, and the society are recommended.
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Journal: The scientific world journal 
ISSN: 2356-6140
EISSN: 1537-744X
DOI: 10.1100/2012/832026
Rights: Copyright © 2012 Andrew M. H. Siu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Andrew M. H. Siu, Daniel T. L. Shek, Ben Law, "Prosocial Norms as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, Article ID 832026, 7 pages, 2012 is available at
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