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Title: 上海话疑问成分“(口伐)”的语义及句法地位
Other Title: The semantic and syntactic roles of the interrogative particle va(口伐) in the Shanghai dialect
Authors: Shi, DT 
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Source: 中国语文 (Studies of the Chinese language), Sept. 2007, no. 5, p. 431-439, 480
Abstract: 上海话的句末助词"(口伐)"用来构成是非问句。带"(口伐)"的疑问句可以充当讲述动词的宾语,而且在不同的动词后有相异的表现;"(口伐)"会使句子中的疑问指代成分成为量化成分;"(口伐)"不能附着在否定句后面。如果将带"(口伐)"问句分析为正反选择问句,将"(口伐)"分析为包含否定与选择疑问两种功能,这些句法特性就可以得到合理的解释。
The sentence-final particle va in Shanghai dialect is a marker for yes-no questions.A va question can function as the complement clause of a bridge verb.Va is not compatible with negative clauses,and within the domain of va wh-expressions will function as existential elements.The syntactic properties of va can be accounted for if a va question is analyzed as an AB-not-A question,with va playing the role of negative and interrogative morpheme at the same time.
Keywords: Shanghai dialect
Sentence-final particle
AB-not-A question
Bridge verb
Publisher: 人民教育出版社
Journal: 中国语文 (Studies of the Chinese language) 
ISSN: 0578-1949
Rights: © 2007 中国学术期刊电子杂志出版社。本内容的使用仅限于教育、科研之目的。
© 2007 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. It is to be used strictly for educational and research use.
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