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Title: Chemical and transport behaviors in a microfluidic reformer with catalytic-support membrane for efficient hydrogen production and purification
Authors: Xuan, J
Leung, DYC
Leung, MKH
Ni, M 
Wang, H
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Source: International journal of hydrogen energy, Feb. 2012, v. 37, no. 3, p. 2614-2622
Abstract: Microchannel reformer integrated with H₂ selective membrane offers an efficient, compact and portable way to produce hydrogen. The performance of a membrane-based microfluidic reformer is restricted by species diffusion limitation within the porous support of the membrane. Recent development in novel catalytic-supported membranes has the potential to enhance H₂ production by decimating the diffusion limitation. Loading a Pd-Ag layer on to a Ni-catalytic porous support, the membrane achieves both H₂ separation and production functions. In this study, a two-dimensional CFD model combined with chemical kinetics has been developed to simulate a microchannel autothermal reformer fed by methane. The species conversion and transport behaviors have been studied. The results show that the permeation process enhances the mass transport within the catalytic layer, and as a result, the reactions are intensified. Most notably, the effectiveness factor of the water-gas shift reaction as high as 6 is obtained. In addition, the effects of gaseous hourly space velocity (GHSV) on methane conversion and H₂ flux through the membrane are also discussed, and an optimal value of GHSV is suggested.
Keywords: Hydrogen
Microfluidics
Membrane
Autothermal reforming
Porous media
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Journal: International journal of hydrogen energy 
ISSN: 0360-3199
EISSN: 1879-3487
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.10.091
Rights: International journal of hydrogen energy Copyright © 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The journal web site is located at http://www.sciencedirect.com.
Posted with permission of the publisher.
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