Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9989
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributorDepartment of Building Services Engineering-
dc.contributorDepartment of Health Technology and Informatics-
dc.creatorYik, FWH-
dc.creatorLai, JHK-
dc.creatorFong, NK-
dc.creatorLeung, PHM-
dc.creatorYuen, PL-
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-14T01:28:04Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-14T01:28:04Z-
dc.identifier.issn0143-6244-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10397/9989-
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.titleA case study on the application of air- and water-cooled oil-free chillers to hospitals in Hong Kongen_US
dc.typeJournal/Magazine Articleen_US
dc.identifier.spage263-
dc.identifier.epage279-
dc.identifier.volume33-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0143624411408034-
dcterms.abstractA comparison study on using air-cooled and water-cooled conventional and oil-free chillers in hospitals in Hong Kong is reported. The study commenced with a comprehensive literature review to reaffirm the effectiveness of recommended precaution measures for containing the risk of Legionnaires' disease (LD) associated with using cooling towers. Numerical performance models for oil-free chillers established for use in the study are presented. Based on recorded cooling demands of two existing hospitals, the life-cycle energy consumption and cost of system options involving different combinations of heat rejection method and chiller type were evaluated, compared and discussed. The results show that water-cooled air-conditioning systems with conventional chillers and cooling towers are still more energy efficient than air-cooled systems with oil-free chillers. Water-cooled oil-free chillers may become an economically viable choice when their price is lowered in future. Pilot installation is recommendable, as it would allow the reliability and maintainability of the new oil-free chillers to be ascertained.Practical applications: Findings of the literature review reaffirmed the effectiveness of measures recommended in contemporary guidelines for LD prevention, which would ease the mind of owners, designers and operation and maintenance personnel in regard of using cooling towers in hospitals. The numerical models for oil-free chillers presented in the paper are useful for evaluation of the energy consumption of this new type of chiller and for comparison with other types of chillers. The study approach described in the paper, including the energy consumption prediction and life-cycle cost evaluation methods, provides a useful framework for similar studies.-
dcterms.bibliographicCitationBuilding services engineering research and technology, 2012, v. 33, no. 3, p. 263-279-
dcterms.isPartOfBuilding services engineering research and technology-
dcterms.issued2012-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000306176200002-
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-84863705966-
dc.identifier.eissn1477-0849-
dc.identifier.rosgroupidr56384-
dc.description.ros2011-2012 > Academic research: refereed > Publication in refereed journal-
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