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Title: A fifth generation numerical modelling system in coastal zone
Authors: Chau, KW 
Chen, W
Keywords: Decision tables
Graphic methods
Inference engines
Mathematical models
Issue Date: Oct-2001
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Applied mathematical modelling, Oct. 2001, v. 25, no. 10, p. 887-900 How to cite?
Journal: Applied mathematical modelling 
Abstract: Nowadays, artificial intelligence (AI) technology is gradually integrated into the numerical modelling system to make the system more intelligent and more user-friendly. The characteristics of the fifth generation numerical modelling are connected with AI applications. The expert system technology as a widely applied AI technology is integrated into our modelling system for coastal water processes with traditional numerical computational tools and the data and graphical pre-processing and post-processing techniques. Five kinds of knowledge bases are built in the system to describe the existing expertise knowledge about model parameters, relations between parameters and physical conditions, various possible selections for parameters and rules of inference. The inference engine is designed to be driven by the confidence of correctness, and the rule base is built with the factor of confidence to link the various relations. The decision tree is designed to drive the inference engine to explore the route of selection procedure of modeling. The decision tree depends on the real problem specifications and can be modified during the dialogue between the system and the user. The forward chaining and backward chaining inference techniques are mixed together in the system to help matching the parameters in the model and the possible selections with sufficiently high confidence. The expert system technology is successfully integrated into the system to provide help for model parameter selection or model selection, and to make the numerical model system more accessible for non-expert users.
ISSN: 0307-904X
DOI: 10.1016/S0307-904X(01)00020-8
Rights: Applied Mathematical Modelling © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. The journal web site is located at
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