Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9302
Title: Foot placement and arm position affect the five times sit-to-stand test time of individuals with chronic stroke
Authors: Kwong, PWH 
Ng, SSM 
Chung, RCK 
Ng, GYF 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Source: BioMed research international, 2014, v. 2014, 636530 How to cite?
Journal: BioMed research international 
Abstract: Objectives. To investigate the effect of two foot placements (normal or posterior placement) and three arm positions (hands on the thighs, arms crossed over chest, and augmented arm position with elbow extended) on the five times sit-to-stand (FTSTS) test times of individuals with chronic stroke. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. University-based rehabilitation clinic. Participants. A convenience sample of community-dwelling individuals with chronic stroke (N = 45). Methods. The times in completing the FTSTS with two foot placements and the three arm positions were recorded by stopwatch. Results. Posterior foot placement led to significantly shorter FTSTS times when compared with normal foot placement in all the 3 arm positions (P ≤ 0.001). In addition, hands on thigh position led to significantly longer FTSTS times than the augmented arm position (P = 0.014). Conclusion. Our results showed that foot placement and arm position could influence the FTSTS times of individuals with chronic stroke. Standardizing the foot placement and arm position in the test procedure is essential, if FTSTS test is intended to be used repeatedly on the same subject.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/9302
ISSN: 2314-6133
EISSN: 2314-6141
DOI: 10.1155/2014/636530
Rights: Copyright © 2014 Patrick W. H. Kwong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following article: Kwong, P. W., Ng, S. S., Chung, R. C., & Ng, G. Y. (2014). Foot placement and arm position affect the five times sit-to-stand test time of individuals with chronic stroke. BioMed research international, 2014, is available at https//doi.org/10.1155/2014/636530
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