Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/89445
Title: A Chinese version of the young children’s participation and environment measure : psychometric evaluation in a Hong Kong sample
Authors: Chien, CW 
Leung, C 
Schoeb, V
Au, A 
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Disability and rehabilitation, AHEAD-OF-PRINT, doi: 10.1080/09638288.2020.1727032
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the psychometric properties of a Chinese-translated version of the Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure.
Materials and methods: The Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure was translated into Chinese using cultural adaptation by adding/replacing with activities relevant to Chinese culture. Parents of 53 children aged 2–5 years with developmental disabilities and of 50 typical developing children completed the questionnaires. Internal consistency, test–retest reliability, known-group validity, and discriminant validity were examined using Cronbach’s alpha, intraclass correlation coefficient, Mann–Whitney U tests, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients respectively.
Results: Internal consistency was acceptable for most scales (α = 0.42–0.89). Test–retest reliability of the summary scores was moderate to high for all scales (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.65−0.90). Known-group validity was supported by demonstrating significant differences by disability status in all community participation scales, two daycare/preschool participation scales, and one home participation scale. Low or negative correlations between the scores of some scales and children’s cognition (ρ = 0.27–0.32; –0.36–to–0.35) and parental stress (ρ = –0.42–to–0.31) supported discriminant validity.
Conclusion: This study provided psychometric evidence supporting the use of the Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure to assess Chinese children’s participation and environmental support. • The Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure is translated into Chinese using a cultural adaptation process. • The Chinese version of the Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure demonstrates evidence for internal consistency, test–retest reliability (including the minimal detectable change). • The Chinese version of the Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure demonstrates evidence for known-group validity and discriminant validity. • The Chinese version of the Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure holds promise for use in children aged 2−5 years to assess their participation and identify environmental barriers warranting interventio
Keywords: Participation
Chinese children
Young children’s participation and environment measure
YC-PEM
Psychometrics
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: Disability and rehabilitation 
ISSN: 0963-8288
EISSN: 1464-5165
DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2020.1727032
Rights: © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Disability and Rehabilitation on 25 Feb 2020 (Published online), available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09638288.2020.1727032
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