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Title: Positive youth development attributes and parenting as protective factors against adolescent social networking addiction in Hong Long
Authors: Lin, L 
Shek, DTL 
Issue Date: Mar-2021
Source: Frontiers in pediatrics, Mar. 2021, v. 2021, no. 9, p. 1-13
Abstract: This study examined the predictive effects of 15 positive youth development (PYD) attributes and parenting behavior on adolescent social networking addiction (SNA) in a representative sample of Hong Kong students. In total, 1,896 Hong Kong Secondary 1 students from 20 randomly selected schools (age = 13.19 ± 0.52 years) completed the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale, and the Chinese Parenting Behavior Scale. Of the participants, 11.4% could be classified as being addicted to Social Networking Sites (SNSs). Regression analyses showed that students' emotional competence (β = −0.09; p < 0.01), behavioral competence (β = −0.12; p < 0.001), beliefs in the future (β = −0.10; p < 0.01), and spirituality (β = −0.08; p < 0.01) were negatively associated with SNA, while social competence (β = 0.07; p < 0.05) and positive identity (β = 0.13; p < 0.001) were positively related to SNA. Paternal and maternal responsiveness showed indirect effects on students' SNA through the full mediation of PYD attributes. Specific PYD attributes and positive parenting behavior may serve as important protective factors against the development of SNA among Hong Kong adolescents.
Keywords: Parenting
Positive youth development
Public health
Middle school
Problem/risky/antisocial behaviors
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Journal: Frontiers in pediatrics 
ISSN: 2296-2360
DOI: 10.3389/fped.2021.649232
Rights: Copyright © 2021 Yu and Shek. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The following publication Yu L and Shek DTL (2021) Positive Youth Development Attributes and Parenting as Protective Factors Against Adolescent Social Networking Addiction in Hong Kong. Front. Pediatr. 9:649232 is available at
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