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Title: Perceived paternal and maternal parenting attributes among Chinese adolescents: A meta-analysis
Authors: Dou, D 
Shek, DTL 
Kwok, KHR 
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, Dec. 2020, v. 17, no. 23, 8741, p. 1-19
Abstract: This meta-analysis study examined perceived parental differences between Chinese mothers and fathers from the perspective of adolescents. A systematic search for relevant articles published up to 2019 was performed in electronic databases. The random-effect model was used to calculate the weighted and pooled effect size at the 95% confidence interval. This study was based on 43 studies in English peer-reviewed journals involving 55,759 Chinese adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years. We conducted subgroup analyses to explore whether differences in study designs (i.e., cross-sectional and longitudinal) and adolescent gender could explain perceived parental differences. The results showed that perceived maternal parenting attributes were more positive than perceived paternal parenting attributes in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Besides, perceived paternal parenting attributes showed slightly greater variability than did maternal parenting attributes. Subgroup analysis based on adolescent gender revealed that only adolescent girls perceived maternal parenting attributes to be more positive than paternal parenting attributes.
Keywords: Adolescents
Maternal parenting
Parental difference
Paternal parenting
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health 
ISSN: 1661-7827
EISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17238741
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Dou, D.; Shek, D.T.L.; Kwok, K.H.R. Perceived Paternal and Maternal Parenting Attributes among Chinese Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8741 is available at
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