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Title: Participant observation in cognitive gameplay as a rehabilitation tool for living alone elderly with dementia in Hong Kong : a pilot study
Authors: King, APY
Siu, KWM 
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Design journal, 2017, v. 20, suppl. 1 , p. S2426-S2438
Abstract: In Hong Kong, the population is incontestably expected to remain on an ageing trend. Longer life expectancy has resulted in a rapid increase in aging population. In 2014, more than 70,000 aged 70 and above were diagnosed as dementia patient, expecting to have a substantial increase to 250,000 in 2036. This paper discusses the role of researcher as a participant observer in conducting social research with living alone elderly with dementia who were invited to participate in four existing gameplays in a natural setting, followed by semi-structured interviews. The qualitative research revealed that most of the existing cognitive gameplay in one of the targeted day care centres were lack of awareness of universal design that may affect the effectiveness of itself. Failure in fulfilling universal design may lead up to deviation in making judgement of the patients and heighten the risk for cognitive impairment.
Keywords: Dementia
Elderly living alone
Participant observation
Qualitative research
Universal design
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Journal: Design journal 
ISSN: 1460-6925
EISSN: 1756-3062
DOI: 10.1080/14606925.2017.1352756
Description: 12th International Conference of the European-Academy-of-Design (EAD), Apr 12-14, 2017, Sapienza Univ Rome, Fac Architecture, Rome, Italy
Rights: © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Alex Pui-yuk King & Kin Wai Michael Siu (2017) Participant Observation in Cognitive Gameplay as a Rehabilitation Tool for Living Alone Elderly with Dementia in Hong Kong: A Pilot Study, The Design Journal, 20:sup1, S2426-S2438 is available at
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