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Title: Maximum entropy modeling of oxygen vibrational excitation and dissociation
Authors: Hao, J 
Wen, CY 
Issue Date: May-2019
Source: Physical review fluids, May 2019, v. 4, no. 5, 053401, p. 053401-1-053401-17
Abstract: The vibrational excitation and dissociation of oxygen are modeled using different approaches with a range of fidelity, including the conventional two-temperature model, the state-specific method, and two variations of a model based on the maximum entropy principle. Comparison of the post-shock predictions with recent shock tube experimental data shows that the maximum entropy quadratic model predicts similar trends to the state-specific method and the experimental data. Although the maximum entropy quadratic model has significantly fewer equations than the state-specific method, no gain in computational efficiency is seen. Hence, the former model is further simplified by assuming that the vibrational relaxation can be described by the Landau-Teller formulation, with the corresponding relaxation times for O2-O2 and O2-O interactions determined from state-specific calculations of relaxation in a heat bath. The post-shock simulations indicate that the modified maximum entropy quadratic model maintains sufficient prediction accuracy while significantly improving computational efficiency. The proposed model could be used in computational fluid dynamics solvers for hypersonic nonequilibrium flow simulations.
Publisher: American Physical Society
Journal: Physical review fluids 
ISSN: 2469-990X
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.053401
Rights: © 2019 American Physical Society
The following publication Hao, J., & Wen, C. -. (2019). Maximum entropy modeling of oxygen vibrational excitation and dissociation. Physical Review Fluids, 4(5),053401, p. 053401-1-053401-17 is available at
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