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Title: Mechanically robust, responsive composite membrane for a thermoregulating textile
Authors: Jahid, MA 
Hu, J 
Thakur, S 
Issue Date: 2020
Source: ACS omega, 3 Mar. 2020, v. 5, no. 8, p. 3899-3907
Abstract: The human body releases heat via four mechanisms: conduction, convection, evaporation, and radiation. The normal core temperature of the human body is around 37 degrees C, and metabolism may be negatively affected and enzymes/proteins may be destroyed if the core temperature rises above 45 degrees C. To prevent such overheating, we developed an evaporative-radiative-convective fabric which can control the personal microclimate of the human body through a cooling mechanism (evaporation of perspiration, air convection, and emission of heat radiation directly into the environment). In this work, we fabricated a thermo-moisture sensitive polyurethane/silica aerogel composite membrane which showed super evaporative and radiative effects and which can facilitate the convection process in the human body. We also fabricated a sensitive membrane-based textile which can cool down the human body by releasing body heat. The developed material possessed robust mechanical properties for the longevity of the material, high water-evaporative ability, and air permeability to provide comfort to the wearer. Microclimate-controlled clothing can release most of our body heat to the environment.
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Journal: ACS omega 
ISSN: 2470-1343
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.9b03268
Rights: © 2020 American Chemical Society
This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License (, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.
The following publication Jahid, M. A., Hu, J., & Thakur, S. (2020). Mechanically Robust, Responsive Composite Membrane for a Thermoregulating Textile. ACS omega, 5(8), 3899-3907 is available at
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