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Title: Objective outcome evaluation of a leadership course utilising the positive youth development approach in Hong Kong
Authors: Li, X 
Shek, DTL 
Keywords: Leadership program
Positive youth development
Psychological well-being
Desired graduate attributes
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Source: Assessment and evaluation in higher education, 2019, How to cite?
Journal: Assessment and evaluation in higher education 
Abstract: This study adopted a single-group pretest-posttest design to explore the changes in 2,876 undergraduate students in positive youth development, psychological well-being and desired graduate attributes after they took a leadership subject utilising the positive youth development approach at one university in Hong Kong. The subject aims to promote undergraduates' leadership qualities, particularly their intra- and inter-personal competencies. Participants completed the same objective outcome evaluation forms before and after taking the subject. We found that the participants showed significant positive changes in most positive youth development attributes (i.e. self-determination, cognitive competence, behavioural competence, social competence, emotional competence, self-efficacy, spirituality, and clear and positive identity), life satisfaction and desired graduate attributes (including problem-solving ability, critical thinking, life-long learning and ethical leadership). The findings demonstrate that leadership subjects can promote the positive youth development of Chinese university students and enhance their psychosocial well-being and desired graduate attributes.
ISSN: 0260-2938
EISSN: 1469-297X
DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2019.1696944
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
The following publication Xiang Li & Daniel T. L. Shek (2019): Objective outcome evaluation of aleadership course utilising the positive youth development approach in Hong Kong, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education is available at
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