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Title: Layer-by-layer assembly of polyelectrolytes-wrapped multi-walled carbon nanotubes on long period fiber grating sensors
Authors: Ni, YQ 
Ding, S 
Han, BG
Wang, H 
Keywords: Long period fiber grating
Carbon nanotube
Layer-By-Layer assembly
Thin film
PH sensing
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical, 12 Dec. 2019, v. 301, 127120, p. 1-7 How to cite?
Journal: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical 
Abstract: A new type of long period fiber grating (LPG) sensor coated with polyelectrolytes-wrapped mull-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) (PE-CNT) thin film is reported in this study. The novel nanostructured thin film is deposited on the LPG grating region using a layer-by-layer assembly technique. The aim of using polyelectrolytes (PE) including poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) in the coating layer is to improve the dispersion of MWCNTs and to enhance the adhesion of functionalized MWCNTs on the LPG surface. The structures and morphologies of the MWCNT-based nanostructured thin film are observed by scanning electron microscopy characterization. The refractive index and pH sensing behaviors of LPGs with pure (PE)(10) thin film and with (PECNT)(10) thin film, respectively are compared. Results show that for LPG with (PE-CNT)(10) thin film the transmission intensity at the resonance wavelength decreases noticeably with the increase of the surrounding refractive index. This is distinct from the sensing mechanism of LPG with (PE)(10) thin film, which is based on the resonance wavelength shift. The LPG with a (PE-CNT)(10) thin film provides enhanced pH sensitivity compared with that of a (PE)(10) thin film. The LPG with (PE-CNT)(10) thin film has a fast response rate and a good repeatability, thus demonstrating its strong potentiality for practical monitoring applications.
ISSN: 0925-4005
EISSN: 1873-3077
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2019.127120
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
The following publication Ni, Y. Q., Ding, S. Q., Han, B. G., & Wang, H. P. (2019). Layer-by-layer assembly of polyelectrolytes-wrapped multi-walled carbon nanotubes on long period fiber grating sensors. Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical, 301, 127120, 1-7 is available at
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