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Title: Screening for multiple types of family violence : development and validation of the family polyvictimization screen
Authors: Chan, KL 
Chen, Q 
Chen, M 
Lo, CKM 
Yu, L 
Keywords: Child abuse and neglect
Elder abuse
Family polyvictimization
Intimate partner violence
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Source: Frontiers in public health, 2019, v. 7, 282 How to cite?
Journal: Nano-micro letters 
Abstract: Objective: Different types of violence tend to co-occur within a family where the members often share common family characteristics, a situation described as family polyvictimization. In response to the lack of a validated screening tool, this study developed and validated the Family Polyvictimization Screen (FPS), the first brief screening tool applicable to members of the same family with up to three generations.
Methods: The FPS was designed to screen family polyvictimization by assessing and capturing different types of violence, including child abuse and neglect (CAN), intimate partner violence (IPV), and elder abuse. The FPS was compared with the Criterion Standard scales. It is suitable for use as a self-report for individual family members for specific violence or as a proxy report for an adult family member to serve as informant. In this study, a community sample of 445 households was recruited from Hong Kong (n = 250) and Shanghai (n = 195). One adult parent from each three-generation family was selected as the informant to report all family polyvictimization experiences in the preceding year.
Results: Moderate to high agreement (79.1–99.8%) was found between the FPS and the standard measurements, such as the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) and the Conflict Tactics Scales: Parent-Child Version (CTSPC). Exceptions appeared in regard to physical assault on elders due to the rarity of reported cases. The specificity was high, while the sensitivity estimates appeared low, especially for the more sensitive sexual abuse cases.
Conclusion: The validated FPS demonstrated its potential utility as a brief tool for screening family polyvictimization in clinical settings with substantial agreement and satisfactory accuracy in the Chinese population.
ISSN: 2296-2565
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2019.00282
Rights: © 2019 Chan, Chen, Chen, Lo and Yu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The following publication Chan KL, Chen Q, Chen M, Lo CKM and Yu L (2019) Screening for Multiple Types of Family Violence: Development and Validation of the Family Polyvictimization Screen. Front. Public Health 7:282, is available at
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