Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/81607
Title: Associations between focus constructions and levels of exhaustivity : an experimental investigation of Chinese
Authors: Hsu, YY 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Source: PLoS one, 2019, v. 14, no. 10, e0223502 How to cite?
Journal: PLoS one 
Abstract: How various types of focus differ with respect to exhaustivity has been a topic of enduring interest in language studies. However, most of the theoretical work explicating such associations has done so cross-linguistically, and little research has been done on how people process and respond to them during language comprehension. This study therefore investigates the associations between the concept of exhaustivity and three focus types in Chinese (wh, cleft, and only foci) using a trichotomous-response design in two experiments: a forced-choice judgment and a self-paced reading experiment, both with adult native speakers. Its results show that, whether engaged in conscious decision-making or an implicit comprehension process, the participants distinguished only-focus and cleft-focus from wh-focus clearly, and also that there are specific differences between only-focus and cleft-focus in conscious decision-making. This implies that, in terms of the relationship between exhaustivity and the focus types under investigation, cleft-focus and only-focus behave very similarly during language comprehension despite the existence of some fine distinctions between them. In other words, the potential linguistic levels that exhaustivity encodes in Chinese cleft-focus render it more similar to only-focus than to wh-focus. These results are broadly in line with the semantic account that distinguishes cleft from only-focus, i.e., that cleft encodes exhaustivity in not-at-issue presupposition and only-focus encodes exhaustivity in at-issue assertion, while both express semantically encoded exhaustivity, triggering robust language-processing patterns that differ from patterns of wh-focus in Chinese. © 2019 Yu-Yin Hsu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/81607
ISSN: 1932-6203
EISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223502
Rights: © 2019 Yu-Yin Hsu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The following publication Hsu Y-Y (2019) Associations between focus constructions and levels of exhaustivity: An experimental investigation of Chinese. PLoS ONE 14(10): e0223502, is available at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223502
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Hsu_Associations_focus_constructions.pdf1.08 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Access
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record
PIRA download icon_1.1View/Download Contents

Page view(s)

7
Citations as of Feb 19, 2020

Download(s)

5
Citations as of Feb 19, 2020

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.