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Title: Exploring the effects of occupational psychological disorders on construction employees and the construction industry
Authors: Fordjour, GA 
Chan, APC 
Keywords: Occupational Psychology
Psychological Effects
Psychological Disorders
Construction Industry
Construction Employees
Issue Date: 9-Jan-2020
Publisher: Scientific Research
Source: Occupational diseases and environmental medicine, 9 Jan. 2020, v. 8, no. 1, p. 1-25 How to cite?
Journal: Occupational diseases and environmental medicine 
Abstract: Construction employees could experience occupational psychological disorders, such as workaholism and burnout due to their work, personality characteristics or lifestyle. This study sought to explore the effects of psychological disorders on construction employees and the construction industry. To achieve this aim, both the methods of focus group discussions and survey questionnaire were employed. The focus group discussions revealed 17 potential effects and 12 potential effects of psychological disorders on the construction employees and the construction industry respectively. A quantitative study was then employed to determine the key effects and to test the reliability of the findings from the focus group study. The results revealed that the highly perceived effects of psychological disorders on construction employees were accident-prone, chronic pain, insomnia or sleep disturbances, as these had the highest mean scores. The key effects also identified as perceived effects of construction employees’ psychological health conditions on the construction industry were: absenteeism/sick leave, errors in work, job dissatisfaction and increased medical costs. Exploratory factor analysis was employed, and the 17 effects on construction employees were categorized under behavioural effects and physiological effects. The 12 effects on the construction industry were also categorized under direct costs and indirect costs. The results from this study confirm the need for strategic interventions to mitigate the effects of occupational psychological disorders on construction employees and the construction industry of Ghana and to some extent globally. The exploratory nature of the study using preliminary findings from focus group discussions contributes to the literature on occupational health psychology.
ISSN: 2333-3561
EISSN: 2333-357X
DOI: 10.4236/odem.2020.81001
Rights: Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0).
The following publication Fordjour, G.A., Chan, A.P.C., Amoah, P. and Fordjour, A.A. (2020) Exploring the Effects of Occupational Psychological Disorders on Construction Employees and the Construction Industry. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine, 8 (1), 1-25 is available at
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