Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A GPS spoofing generator using an open sourced vector tracking-based receiver
Authors: Meng, Q 
Hsu, LT 
Xu, B 
Luo, X 
El-Mowafy, A
Keywords: Spoofing generator
Vector tracking
Autonomous vehicles
Issue Date: 16-Sep-2019
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Sensors, 16 Sept. 2019, v. 19, no. 18, 3993, p. 1-18 How to cite?
Journal: Sensors (Switzerland) 
Abstract: Spoofing can seriously threaten the use of the Global Positioning System (GPS) in critical applications such as positioning and navigation of autonomous vehicles. Research into spoofing generation will contribute to assessment of the threat of possible spoofing attacks and help in the development of anti-spoofing methods. However, the recent commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) spoofing generators are expensive and the technology implementation is complicated. To address the above problem and promote the GPS safety-critical applications, a spoofing generator using a vector tracking-based software-defined receiver is proposed in this contribution. The spoofing generator aims to modify the raw signals by cancelling the actual signal component and adding the spoofing signal component. The connections between the spreading code and carrier, and the states of the victim receiver are established through vector tracking. The actual signal can be predicted effectively, and the spoofing signal will be generated with the spoofing trajectory at the same time. The experimental test results show that the spoofing attack signal can effectively mislead the victim receiver to the designed trajectory. Neither the tracking channels nor the positioning observations have abnormal changes during this processing period. The recent anti-spoofing methods cannot detect this internal spoofing easily. The proposed spoofing generator can cover all open-sky satellites with a high quality of concealment. With the superiority of programmability and diversity, it is believed that the proposed method based on an open source software-defined receiver has a great value for anti-spoofing research of different GNSS signals.
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s19183993
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Meng, Q.; Hsu, L.-T.; Xu, B.; Luo, X.; El-Mowafy, A. A GPS Spoofing Generator Using an Open Sourced Vector Tracking-Based Receiver. Sensors 2019, 19, 3993, 1-18 is available at
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Meng_GPS_Spoofing_Generator.pdf11.37 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record
PIRA download icon_1.1View/Download Contents

Page view(s)

Citations as of Dec 4, 2019

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.