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Title: Field validation of generic wind park models using fault records
Authors: Haddadi, A
Kocar, I
Kauffmann, T
Karaagac, U 
Farantatos, E
Mahseredjian, J
Keywords: Renewable generation
Wind turbine generator
Doubly-fed induction generator
Short-circuit analysis
Electromagnetic transient-type model
Phasor domain model
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Springer
Source: Journal of modern power systems and clean energy, July 2019, v. 7, no. 4, p. 826-836 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of modern power systems and clean energy 
Abstract: A challenge faced by protection and planning engineers is the development and validation of accurate wind turbine generator (WTG) models to study the impact of increased wind integration on system protection. This paper is on the experimental validation of a generic electromagnetic transient-type (EMT-type) model of aggregated WTGs or wind parks suitable for transient studies. The phasor domain equivalent of the generic model, suitable for protection tools based on steady-state solvers, is also considered. The model has been validated using two sets of actual relay records for the fault response of two wind parks consisting of Type-III WTGs and connected to 115 kV and 230 kV transmission systems. The objective is to show that the generic model can reproduce the actual fault response in simulations, and protection engineers can obtain accurate models of wind parks using fault records. A distinctive characteristic of a WTG is its substantially different negative sequence fault current contribution compared to a synchronous generator. The paper shows that the generic model provides enough options to reproduce the negative sequence behavior and hence is suitable for fault studies involving negative sequence-based protection.
ISSN: 2196-5625
EISSN: 2196-5420
DOI: 10.1007/s40565-019-0521-x
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
The following publication Haddadi, A., Kocar, I., Kauffmann, T., Karaagac, U., Farantatos, E., & Mahseredjian, J. (2019). Field validation of generic wind park models using fault records. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 7(4), 826-836 is available at
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