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Title: The effectiveness of a multidisciplinary exercise program in managing work-related musculoskeletal symptoms for low-skilled workers in the low-income community : a pre-post-follow-up study
Authors: Cheung, K 
Tse, MMY 
Wong, CK
Mui, KW
Lee, SK
Ma, KY 
Tung, KTS 
Lau, EPW 
Keywords: Public health
Health promotion
Occupational health
Social class
Health inequalities
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 1 May 2019, v. 16, no. 9, 1548, p. 1-11 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health 
Abstract: Studies on work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WRMSs) have been conducted mainly on different types of workforce but not many on low-skilled workers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary exercise program in decreasing the number of body parts with WRMSs for low-skilled workers. This study used a repeated-measures, single-group design. One hundred and five (105) workers participated in eight weekly 90-min sessions (including 45-min workshops and 45-min exercises) in low-income community settings. The exercise program involved a 21-movement stretching exercise and a 10-movement muscle-strengthening exercise. Questionnaire and health-assessment data were collected at the baseline (N = 105) and immediately after the 8-week program (n = 86). The average age of the 105 participants was 50.5 +/- 8.7 years (ranging from 31 to 67). Over 80% (n = 87) of them were female, 68.6% (n = 72) were married, and 68.6% (n = 72) had completed secondary school. They reported an average of three body parts with WRMSs at baseline (T0). By the end of the eight weeks (T1), the participants had reduced the number of WRMS-affected body parts, job stress, and incidences of working through pain, and had improved spine flexibility and handgrip strength. The factors significantly affecting the reduction in the number of body parts with WRMSs were change in the workstyle of working through pain, and self-rated health status. Our study has demonstrated that a community-based multidisciplinary program can reduce the number of body parts affected by WRMSs in low-skilled workers in low-income communities.
ISSN: 1661-7827
EISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16091548
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Cheung, K.; Tse, M.M.Y.; Wong, C.K.; Mui, K.W.; Lee, S.K.; Ma, K.Y.; Tung, K.T.S.; Lau, E.P.W. The Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Exercise Program in Managing Work-Related Musculoskeletal Symptoms for Low-Skilled Workers in the Low-Income Community: A Pre-Post-Follow-Up Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1548, 11 pages is available at
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