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Title: Prevalence of child maltreatment and its association with parenting style : a population study in Hong Kong
Authors: Lo, CKM 
Ho, FK
Wong, RS
Tung, KTS
Tso, WWY
Chow CB
Chan KL 
Ip P
Keywords: Child maltreatment
Parenting styles
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2019, v. 16, no. 7, 1130 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health 
Abstract: Previous studies point to a link between parenting style and child maltreatment, but evidence from a Chinese context is lacking. We investigated the association between parenting style and child maltreatment in Hong Kong, and examined whether family socio-economic status and child gender moderate this relationship. Using stratified random sampling, 7585 children in Grade 1 to Grade 3 of 51 schools in Hong Kong were recruited and their parents were invited to complete the questionnaire. The past year weighted prevalence for minor physical abuse, severe/very severe physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect were 63.9%, 23.4%, 84.1%, and 23.2%, respectively. Authoritarian parenting was associated with all types of child maltreatment (prevalence ratio (PR) range: 1.10–1.53; p < 0.001), whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a lower risk of all types of child maltreatment (PR range: 0.89–0.97; p < 0.001). Child maltreatment is prevalent in Hong Kong and is strongly associated with parenting style. The association was significantly stronger among girls and those with higher family socioeconomic status. Education to empower parenting skills may alleviate the burden of child maltreatment. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
ISSN: 1661-7827
EISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16071130
Rights: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0)( .
The following publication Lo, C.K.M.; Ho, F.K.; Wong, R.S.; Tung, K.T.S.; Tso, W.W.Y.; Ho, M.S.P.; Chow, C.B.; Chan, K.L.; Ip, P. Prevalence of Child Maltreatment and Its Association with Parenting Style: A Population Study in Hong Kong. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1130 is available at
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