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Title: Exploring occupational psychological health indicators among construction employees : a study in Ghana
Authors: Fordjour, GA 
Chan, APC 
Keywords: Occupational psychology
Psychological health
Psychological indicators
Construction professionals
Construction workers
Ghanaian construction
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Journal of mental health and clinical psychology, 2019, v. 3, no. 2, p. 6-18 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of mental health and clinical psychology 
Abstract: This study aims to explore the need for occupational psychological health interventions in the construction industry by identifying occupational psychological health conditions among construction employees. To achieve this aim, 300 questionnaires were equally distributed to purposively selected construction professionals and construction trade workers in Ghana. Four main constructs namely: individual lifestyle, psychosocial symptoms, physiological conditions, and work attitudes, were assessed to identify occupational psychological health conditions among the two construction working groups. These four main constructs were further divided into 20 occupational psychological health indicators. Quantitative analysis of the data was done, and a comparison made between the scores obtained from the two construction groups. Using the measures of individual lifestyle and work attitudes, the construction trade workers were found to be more prevalent in adverse occupational psychological health conditions than the construction professionals. The measures of psychosocial symptoms and physiological conditions, however, revealed no much statistically significant differences between the mean scores obtained from the two construction groups. Each of the two-construction group had their participants experiencing some form of adverse occupational psychological health conditions. Differences between the two groups in terms of factors such as task levels, role demands and income levels, are likely to influence their different level of vulnerability to psychological disorders. This study recommends some psychological health interventions to enhance the well-being of all construction employees. The findings from this study form the basic step in designing a preventive occupational psychological health model, with the aim to promote a psychologically safe and healthy construction workplace.
ISSN: 2578-2959
Rights: © 2019 Fordjour GA. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (
The following publication Fordjour, G. A., & Chan, A. P. C. (2019). Exploring occupational psychological health indicators among construction employees: a study in Ghana. Journal of Mental Health and Clinical Psychology, 3(2), 6-18 is available at
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