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Title: Effect of kinesio taping on electromyographic activity of leg muscles during gait in children with developmental coordination disorder : a randomized controlled trial
Authors: Yam, TTT
Wong, MS 
Fong, SSM
Keywords: Developmental disabilities
Kinesio tape
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Source: Medicine, Feb. 2019, v. 98, no. 6, e14423, p. 1-8 How to cite?
Journal: Medicine 
Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Kinesio tape (KT) on lower limb muscle activation pattern in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) during walking.
Design: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial.
Setting: University laboratory setting.
Participants: Twenty-five children with DCD were randomly allocated to the KT group (mean age=7.97 years) and 24 to the control group (mean age=8.04 years).
Intervention: KT group received KT application to the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles whereas the control group received no intervention.
Measurements: Peak muscle activation (in percentage of maximal voluntary isometric contraction [%MVIC]) in the lower limbs during gait was measured by means of surface electromyography, electrogoniometry, and foot contact switches.
Results: Gastrocnemius medialis activation during mid stance (23.46%MVIC, 95% CI=-32.53, -14.39) and late stance phases (3.25%MVIC, 95% CI=-5.67, -0.81) of gait increased after the application of KT in the KT group compared to baseline values. The KT group demonstrated 26.87%MVIC (95% CI=26.87, 7.11) higher gastrocnemius medialis muscle peak activation during mid stance phase at post-test when compared with the control group. Moreover, gastrocnemius medialis and biceps femoris muscle peak activation during loading response decreased by 8.36%MVIC (95% CI=2.71, 14.02) and 3.54%MVIC (95% CI=1.08, 6.01), respectively, in the control group overtime.
Conclusions: The application of KT on children with DCD had an increased gastrocnemius medialis muscle activation during stance phase. KT could be incorporated into gait re-education programmes to facilitate muscle contraction in these children.
ISSN: 0025-7974
EISSN: 1536-5964
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000014423
Rights: Copyright © 2019 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND) (, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.
The following publication Yam, T. T. T., Wong, M. S., & Fong, S. S. M. (2019). Effect of Kinesio taping on electromyographic activity of leg muscles during gait in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Medicine, 98(6):e14423, 1-8 is available at
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