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Title: Social responsibility initiatives for public-private partnership projects : a comparative study between China and Ghana
Authors: Osei-Kyei, R
Chan, APC 
Yu, Y 
Chen, C
Ke, Y
Tijani, B
Keywords: Public-private partnership
Social responsibility
Sustainable development
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Sustainability, 1 Mar. 2019, v. 11, no. 5, 1338, p. 1-14 How to cite?
Journal: Sustainability 
Abstract: Sustainability is a global issue and its enhancement through modern forms of procurements, such as public-private partnership (PPP), has become topical considering the huge impact of PPP activities on society, the economy, and the environment. However, one way of promoting sustainability thorough PPPs is the adoption of social responsibility (SR) initiatives/factors. This paper aims to empirically investigate the SR factors in PPPs through a comparative study between China and Ghana. An empirical questionnaire survey was conducted in both China and Ghana. Further, the mean score ranking, Kendall's coefficient of concordance, and Mann-Whitney U test were used for data analysis. Results show that SR factors related to the economic efficiency of PPP projects and climate change adaptation are critical in China, whereas in Ghana, SR factors directly related to job creation and environmental protection are critical. The outputs of this study inform investors of the critical SR initiatives to consider when engaging in PPPs in Asia and Africa. In addition, they provide a solid knowledge base for the continuous international debate on how sustainability could be enhanced through PPP policy.
EISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su11051338
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Osei-Kyei, R.; Chan, A.P.C.; Yu, Y.; Chen, C.; Ke, Y.; Tijani, B. Social Responsibility Initiatives for Public-Private Partnership Projects: A Comparative Study between China and Ghana. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1338, 14 pages is available at
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