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Title: Study on structures incorporated with MR damping material based on PSO algorithm
Authors: Guo, YQ
Xie, WH
Jing, XJ 
Keywords: Magnetorheological (MR) damping material
MR damper
The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm
Multi-objective optimization control
Building structure
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Source: Frontiers in materials, 19 Mar. 2019, v. 6, 37, p. 1-10 How to cite?
Journal: Frontiers in materials 
Abstract: The magnetorheological (MR) damping material is a kind of smart shock absorption material, and it can be made into MR dampers for reducing the vibration or dynamic response of structures. During the vibration mitigation control of structures with MR dampers, the displacement and acceleration responses are always concerned firstly because the displacement responses determine the safety of structures and, at the same time, the acceleration responses determine the comfort level of the human body staying in structures. That means, the control currents choice of MR dampers during the vibration process is a multi-objective optimization control problem. In this paper, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is developed to control the displacement and acceleration responses simultaneously. Numerical analysis for a five-floor steel frame structure with one MR damper installed on each floor is carried out. Simulation results of the PSO control structure are compared with those of passive control (including the ON-control and the OFF-control) structures and the uncontrolled structure. Analysis results demonstrate that the PSO algorithm can reduce the displacement responses of the structure obviously and, at the same time, it can reduce the acceleration responses of the structure to a certain extent. Furthermore, the PSO algorithm reduces the seismic responses of structures more effectively than those of passive control structures.
EISSN: 2296-8016
DOI: 10.3389/fmats.2019.00037
Rights: Copyright © 2019 Guo, Xie and Jing. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The following publication Guo Y-Q, Xie W-H and Jing X (2019) Study on Structures Incorporated With MR Damping Material Based on PSO Algorithm. Front. Mater. 6:37, 10 pages is available at
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