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Title: Analysis of Hong Kong's wind energy : power potential, development constraints, and experiences from other countries for localwind energy promotion strategies
Authors: Gao, X 
Xia, L
Lu, L 
Li, Y
Keywords: Political factors
Promotion strategies
Public attitudes
Wind energy development
Wind energy policy in Hong Kong
Wind power potential
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Sustainability, 2019, v. 11, no. 3, 924 How to cite?
Journal: Sustainability 
Abstract: The wind energy utilization in Hong Kong is limited, although its potential has proven to be significant. The lack of effective policy for wind energy development is the main constraint. In this paper, the wind power potential in Hong Kong is analyzed, and the wind power potential assessment is conducted based on one-year field measured wind data using Light Detection & Ranging (LiDAR) technology in a proposed offshore wind farm. Results show that the offshore wind power potential in Hong Kong was 14,449 GWh which occupied 32.20% of electricity consumption in 2017. In addition, the electricity market and power structure in Hong Kong are also reviewed with the existing policies related to renewable energy development. Conclusions can be made that the renewable energy target in Hong Kong is out of date and until now there have been no specific effective policies on wind energy. In order to urge Hong Kong, catch up with other countries/regions on wind energy development, the histories and evolution of wind energy policies in other countries, especially in Denmark, are reviewed and discussed. Suggestions are provided in the aspects of economics, public attitude, and political factors which can stimulate wind power development in Hong Kong.
EISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su11030924
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Gao, X., Xia, L., Lu, L., & Li, Y. (2019). Analysis of Hong Kong’s Wind Energy: Power Potential, Development Constraints, and Experiences from Other Countries for Local Wind Energy Promotion Strategies. Sustainability, 11(3), 924 is available at
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