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Title: Combination of high- and low-rate GPS receivers for monitoring wind-induced response of tall buildings
Authors: Yi, ZH
Kuang, CL
Wang, YR
Yu, WK 
Cai, CS
Dai, WJ
Keywords: High-rate GPS
Wind-induced vibrations
Time-differenced positioning
Single-epoch relative positioning
Precise point positioning
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Sensors, Dec. 2018, v. 18, no. 12, 4100, p. 1-15 How to cite?
Journal: Sensors 
Abstract: High-rise buildings are susceptible to wind-induced displacements, which can be precisely monitored by using GPS technology. However, GPS monitoring applications may be subject to signal interference and high hardware costs. This study presents a new wind-induced vibration monitoring approach that is based on the mixed use of high-rate and low-rate GPS receivers. In the proposed approach, high-rate receivers are only required in the monitoring stations, where we apply time-differenced positioning to obtain position changes between adjacent epochs. The derived high-rate monitoring station position changes are then integrated with low-rate single epoch relative positioning results between the monitoring and reference stations. Experimental results with both simulated and real data show that the proposed method has a comparable performance with the traditional relative positioning approach, in terms of determining buildings' vibration frequency, displacement, and acceleration.
EISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s18124100
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Yi, Z. H., Kuang, C. L., Wang, Y. R., Yu, W. K., Cai, C. S., & Dai, W. J. (2018). Combination of high- and low-rate GPS receivers for monitoring wind-induced response of tall buildings. Sensors, 18(12), 4100, 1-15 is available at
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