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Title: China's maritime economic development : a review, the future trend, and sustainability implications
Authors: To, WM
Lee, PKC 
Keywords: Maritime economy
Sectoral analysis
Geospatial analysis
Sustainability implications
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Sustainability, Dec. 2018, v. 10, no. 12, 4844, p. 1-13 How to cite?
Journal: Sustainability 
Abstract: China has experienced unprecedented economic growth and structural change in the past decades. This paper reviews the development of China's maritime economy for the period of 2002 to 2017. According to official data from China's government, the total production value of China's maritime economy increased from RMB 1068 billion in 2002 to RMB 7761 billion in 2017, thus contributing to about 10 percent of China's total gross domestic product. This paper applies four-parameter logistic models to identify the associated trends and predicts the near-future values for the total, primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors of China's maritime economy. It is projected that China's total maritime economy will reach RMB 8894 billion in 2019. Besides, the growth of China's maritime economy has been and will be dominated by the growth in the tertiary sector, particularly of China's coastal tourism and transport industries. Specifically, China's coastal tourism increased from RMB 147.8 billion in 2002 to RMB 1463.6 billion in 2017. In terms of spatial development, the east and north-east coasts of China experience more rapid maritime economic growth than the south-east coast. The implications for the sustainability of China's maritime economy are presented.
EISSN: 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su10124844
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication To, W. M., & Lee, P. K. C. (2018). China's maritime economic development: a review, the future trend, and sustainability implications. Sustainability, 10(12), 4844, 1-13 is available at
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