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Title: Whom should I rely on for my future care? Patterns of care expectations and intergenerational correlates among ageing Chinese adults in Hong Kong
Authors: Bai, X 
Keywords: Care expectations
Latent class analysis
Old age and social care
Older people
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Health and social care in the community, Jan. 2019, v. 27, no. 1, p. 115-125 How to cite?
Journal: Health and social care in the community 
Abstract: This study examined ageing parents' care expectations across multiple care domains (financial and material, emotional, personal and informational) towards filial and formal sources and identified intergenerational correlates of care expectation patterns using a proposed care expectation model. Data of 780 eligible ageing parents were drawn from a representative household survey of ageing adults (>= 50 years) conducted in 2016-2017. Latent class analysis was used to examine the typological structure underlying ageing parents' care expectations. Four patterns of care expectations were discovered: mixed-maximal, filial-modest, formal-modest and neither-minimal. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was conducted to validate the newly proposed care expectation model. In addition to certain predisposing factors (participants' age, sex and education), parental enabling resources (economic status), health characteristics (physical, mental and functional health status), children-related enabling characteristics (number of sons and marital status of children), and intergenerational enabling circumstances (intergenerational relationships and caregiving to their own parents) were introduced into the model and found to be associated with ageing parents' care expectations. The findings can inform policy and programmes that effectively respond to ageing adults' diverse care expectations in Hong Kong and have implications for other Asian societies facing rapid population ageing and increasing care demands.
ISSN: 0966-0410
EISSN: 1365-2524
DOI: 10.1111/hsc.12629
Rights: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
© 2018 The Authors Health and Social Care in the Community Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
The following publication Bai, X. (2019). Whom should I rely on for my future care? Patterns of care expectations and intergenerational correlates among ageing Chinese adults in Hong Kong. Health and Social Care in the Community, 27(1), 115-125 is available at
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