Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/80355
Title: A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines
Authors: Ngai, SBC 
Singh, RG
Koon, AC
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Source: PLoS one, 2018, v. 13, no. 10, p. e0205417 How to cite?
Journal: PLoS one 
Abstract: The abstract of a scientific research article convinces readers that the article deserves to be read. Abstracts can also determine the success of publications and grant applications. In recent years, there has been a trend of cross-disciplinary collaborations in the science community. Scientists have been increasingly expected to engage not only experts of their own disciplines, but also other disciplines with the scope of interest extending to non-experts, such as policy-makers and the general public. Thus, the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features exhibited in scientific article abstracts merit attention. In our study, we examined 500 abstracts of scientific research articles published in 50 high-impact journals across five science disciplines (Earth, Formal, Life, Physical and Social Sciences), and performed quantitative analysis of the move structure as well as use of boosters and linguistic features. We found significant interdisciplinary variations in the move structure, boosters and linguistic features employed by these science disciplines. We confirmed that each science discipline possesses a distinct set of macro-structural, metadiscoursal and formalization features, which contribute to its own unique discipline-specific convention. Understanding and observing the disciplinary rhetorical choices and communication conventions will allow scientists to align the abstracts of their studies with the expectations of the targeted audience.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/80355
EISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0205417
Rights: © 2018 Ngai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The following publication: Ngai SBC, Singh RG, Koon AC (2018) A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. PLoS ONE 13(10): e0205417 is available at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205417
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