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Title: Low stress mechanical properties of plasma-treated cotton fabric subjected to zinc oxide-anti-microbial treatment
Authors: Kan, CW 
Lam YL 
Keywords: Antimicrobial
Low stress mechanical properties
Plasma treatment
Zinc oxide
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Materials, 2013, v. 6, no. 1, p. 314-333 How to cite?
Journal: Materials 
Abstract: Cotton fabrics are highly popular because of their excellent properties such as regeneration, bio-degradation, softness, affinity to skin and hygroscopic properties. When in contact with the human body, cotton fabrics offer an ideal environment for microbial growth due to their ability to retain oxygen, moisture and warmth, as well as nutrients from spillages and body sweat. Therefore, an anti-microbial coating formulation (Microfresh and Microban together with zinc oxide as catalyst) was developed for cotton fabrics to improve treatment effectiveness. In addition, plasma technology was employed in the study which roughened the surface of the materials, improving the loading of zinc oxides on the surface. In this study, the low stress mechanical properties of plasma pre-treated and/or anti-microbial-treated cotton fabric were studied. The overall results show that the specimens had improved bending properties when zinc oxides were added in the anti-microbial coating recipe. Also, without plasma pre-treatment, anti-microbial-treatment of cotton fabric had a positive effect only on tensile resilience, shear stress at 0.5° and compressional energy, while plasma-treated specimens had better overall tensile properties even after anti-microbial treatment.
EISSN: 1996-1944
DOI: 10.3390/ma6010314
Rights: © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (
The following publication Kan, C. -., & Lam, Y. -. (2013). Low stress mechanical properties of plasma-treated cotton fabric subjected to zinc oxide-anti-microbial treatment. Materials, 6(1), 314-333 is available at
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