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Title: Testing longitudinal relationships between internet addiction and well-being in Hong Kong adolescents : cross-Lagged analyses based on three waves of data
Authors: Yu, L 
Shek, DTL 
Keywords: Chinese adolescents
Hong Kong
Internet addiction
Longitudinal design
Quality of life
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer
Source: Child indicators research, 2018, v. 11, no. 5, p. 1545-1562 How to cite?
Journal: Child indicators research 
Abstract: Using a panel design, this study examined the prospective relationships between Internet addiction and life satisfaction as well as hopelessness in a representative sample of Hong Kong adolescents. Starting from 2009/10 academic year, 3328 Secondary 1 students in 28 secondary schools in Hong Kong participated in this longitudinal study (Mean age = 12.59 years; SD = 0.74 years). All participants responded to a questionnaire that includes the Internet Addiction Test, Life Satisfaction Scale, and Hopelessness Scale on a yearly basis. Cross-lagged analyses based on three waves of data collected during three junior adolescent years showed that Internet addiction measured at Time 1 predicted poor life satisfaction and hopelessness at Time 2, but not vice versa. Similarly, Internet addiction at Time 2 predicted low life satisfaction at Time 3, and the cross-lagged effects of life satisfaction and hopelessness on Internet addiction from Time 2 to Time 3 remained non-significant. The findings support the thesis that poor personal well-being in adolescents is the consequence rather than the cause of Internet addictive behaviors. To improve quality of life and prevent suicidality in adolescents, strategies that help reduce addictive behaviors related to the Internet should be considered.
ISSN: 1874-897X
DOI: 10.1007/s12187-017-9494-3
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is an open access publication
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
The following publication Yu, L., & Shek, D. T. L. (2018). Testing longitudinal relationships between internet addiction and well-being in Hong Kong adolescents: Cross-lagged analyses based on three waves of data. Child Indicators Research, 11(5), 1545-1562 is available at
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