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Title: Noninvasive real-time characterization of renal clearance kinetics in diabetic mice after receiving danshensu treatment
Authors: Gao, L 
Kwan, YW
Bulmer, AC
Lai, CWK 
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Source: Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2018, 8267560, p. 1-10 How to cite?
Journal: Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity 
Abstract: Danshensu (DSS) is an active ingredient extracted from the root of the Danshen that could ameliorate oxidative stress via upregulation of heme oxygenase- (HO-) 1. Little is known about the treatment effects of DSS on kidney function in diabetic mice. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study was to characterize the renal clearance kinetics of IRdye800CW in db/db mice after DSS treatment. The secondary aim was to measure several biomarkers of renal function and oxidative stress (urinary F2-isoprostane, HO-1 in kidney and serum bilirubin). Fourteen db/db diabetic mice were randomly assigned into two groups and received either DSS treatment (DM + DSS) or vehicle treatment (DM). A third group that comprised of db/+ nondiabetic mice (non-DM control) received no DSS treatment and served as the nondiabetic control. At the end of a 3-week intervention period, serum and urinary biomarkers of renal function and oxidative stress were assessed and the renal clearance of IRdye800CW dye in all mice was determined noninvasively using Multispectral Optoacoustic Tomography. The major finding from this study suggested that DSS treatment in db/db mice improved renal clearance. Increased expression of HO-1 after DSS treatment also suggested that DSS might represent a potential therapeutic avenue for clinical intervention in diabetic nephropathy.
ISSN: 1942-0900
EISSN: 1942-0994
DOI: 10.1155/2018/8267560
Rights: Copyright © 2018 Lei Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Gao, L., Kwan, Y. W., Bulmer, A. C., & Lai, C. W. K. (2018). Noninvasive real-time characterization of renal clearance kinetics in diabetic mice after receiving danshensu treatment. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 8267560, 1-10 is available at
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