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Title: Exergy analyses and modelling of a novel extra-low temperature dedicated outdoor air system
Authors: Bao, YN 
Lee, WL 
Jia, J
Keywords: Extra-low temperature outdoor air system
Coil performance model
System configuration
Energy and exergy performance analyses
Subtropical office buildings
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Source: Energies, May 2018, v. 11, no. 5, 1165, p. 1-25 How to cite?
Journal: Energies 
Abstract: A novel dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) comprising a multi-stage direct expansion coil to produce extra-low temperature (XT) outdoor air to handle the entire space cooling demand has been confirmed more efficient than conventional systems. To further enhance the performance of XT-DOAS, the optimum number of cooling stages and treated outdoor air temperature need to be determined. This process requires the development of a coil performance model that takes into account the extra-high and extra-low entering air temperatures at the first and the last cooling stages. In this study, factory test data and field measurement data were used to develop such a performance model. Different statistical analyses were employed to validate the developed model. Based on the developed model, energy and exergy analyses were conducted to evaluate use of XT-DOAS for space cooling of a typical office building in Hong Kong. EnergyPlus was employed for the energy analysis. The laws of thermodynamics were used for the exergy analysis. Their combined results indicate that for better energy efficiency and performance for air-conditioning of office buildings in subtropical region, the optimum configuration for XT-DOAS is two cooling stages with a treated outdoor air temperature of 7 degrees C. The model developed and the energy and exergy analyses described will contribute significantly to future research in this area.
EISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en11051165
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
The following publication Bao, Y., Lee, W. L., & Jia, J. (2018). Exergy analyses and modelling of a novel extra-low temperature dedicated outdoor air system. Energies, 11(5), 1165, 1-25 is available at
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