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Title: The effect of centrifugal force in quantification of colorectal cancer-related mRNA in plasma using targeted sequencing
Authors: Xue, VW 
Leung, WW
Cho, WCS
Tsang, HFA 
Wong, SCC 
Keywords: Centrifugal force
Targeted sequencing
Plasma mRNA
Colorectal cancer
Gene expression
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Source: Frontiers in genetics, 15 May 2018, v. 9, 165, 1-9 How to cite?
Journal: Frontiers in genetics 
Abstract: In our previous study, we detected the effects of centrifugal forces on plasma RNA quantification by quantitative reverse transcription PGR. The aims of this study were to perform targeted mRNA sequencing and data analysis in healthy donors' plasma prepared by two centrifugation protocols and to investigate the effects of centrifugal forces on plasma mRNA quality and quantity. Targeted mRNA sequencing was performed using a custom panel with 108 colorectal cancer-related genes in 18 healthy donors' plasma that prepared by (1) 3,500g for 10min at 4 degrees C and (2) 1,600g for 10 mm at 4 degrees C followed by 16,000 g for 10 mm at 4 degrees C Results showed that plasma ribosomal RNA was detected in 16/18 (88.9%) 3,500g and 6/18 (33.3%) 1,600g followed by 16,000g centnfuged plasma. For targeted sequencing, 75/108 (69.4%) and 86/108 (79.6%) genes were detected in 3,500 and 1,600 g followed by 16,000 g. respectively, while 16/108 (14.8%) genes were not detected in both centrifugations. Detailed analysis showed that 2 of 108 (1.85%) genes showed lower expressions in 3,500g than in 1,600g followed by 16,000g. The median expressions of genes in 3,500g were positively correlated with the expressions in 1,600g followed by 16,000g (R-2 = 0.9471, P < 0.0001, Spearman rank correlation). Meanwhile, plasma samples were not distinctively clustered based on centrifugal forces according to hierarchical clustering. Targeted mRNA sequencing and subsequent data analysis were performed in this study to investigate the effects of two different centrifugal forces that are commonly used in plasma collection. Our targeted sequencing results help to understand the centrifugal force effects on plasma mRNA, and these findings show that the centrifugation protocol for plasma mRNA research using targeted sequencing can be standardized which facilitates multicenter studies for comparison and quality assurance in the future.
EISSN: 1664-8021
DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2018.00165
Rights: Copyright © 2018 Xue, Ng, Leung, Ma, Cho, Au, Yu, Tsang and Wong. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The following publication Xue, V. W., Ng, S. S. M., Leung, W. W., Ma, B. B. Y., Cho, W. C. S., Au, T. C. C., . . . Wong, S. C. C. (2018). The effect of centrifugal force in quantification of colorectal cancer-related mRNA in plasma using targeted sequencing. Frontiers in Genetics, 9, 165, 1-9 is available at
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