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Title: Photochemical Formation of C-1-C-5 Alkyl Nitrates in Suburban Hong Kong and over the South China Sea
Authors: Zeng, LW 
Lyu, XP 
Guo, H 
Zou, SC
Ling, ZH
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Source: Environmental science & technology, 15 May 2018, v. 52, no. 10, p. 5581-5589 How to cite?
Journal: Environmental science & technology 
Abstract: Alkyl nitrates (RONO2) are important reservoirs of atmospheric nitrogen, regulating nitrogen cycling and ozone (O-3) formation. In this study, we found that propane and n-butane were significantly lower at the offshore site (WSI) in Hong Kong (p < 0.05), whereas C-3-C-4 RONO2 were comparable to the suburban site (TC) (p > 0.05). Stronger oxidative capacity at WSI led to more efficient RONO2 formation. Relative incremental reactivity (RIR) was for the first time used to evaluate RONO2 precursor relationships. In contrast to a consistently volatile organic compounds (VOC)limited regime at TC, RONO2 formation at WSI switched from VOC-limited regime during episodes to VOC and nitrogen oxides (NOx) colimited regime during nonepisodes. Furthermore, unlike the predominant contributions of parent hydrocarbons to C-4-C-5 RONO2, the production of C-1-C-3 RONO2 was more sensitive to other VOCs like aromatics and carbonyls, which accounted for similar to 40-90% of the productions of C, C-3 alkylperoxy (RO2) and alkoxy radicals (RO) at both sites. This resulted from the decomposition of larger RO2/RO and the change of OH abundance under the photochemistry of other VOCs. This study advanced our understanding of the photochemical formation of RONO2, particularly the relationships between RONO2 and their precursors, which were not confined to the parent hydrocarbons.
ISSN: 0013-936X
EISSN: 1520-5851
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00256
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