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Title: An agent-based model for dispatching real-time demand-responsive feeder bus
Authors: Li, X 
Wei, M
Hu, J
Yuan, Y
Jiang, HF
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Source: Mathematical problems in engineering, 2018, 6925764 How to cite?
Journal: Mathematical problems in engineering 
Abstract: This research proposed a feeder bus dispatching tool that reduces rides' effort to reach a feeder bus. The dispatching tool takes in real-time user specific request information and optimizes total cost accordingly (passenger access time cost and transit operation cost) by choosing the best pick-up locations and feeder buses' routes. The pick-up locations are then transmitted back to passengers along with GPS guidance. The tool fits well with the Advanced Traveler Information Services (ATIS) which is one of the six high-priority dynamic mobility application bundles currently being promoted by the United State Department of Transportation. The problem is formulated into a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) model. For small networks, out-of-the-shelf commercial solvers could be used for finding the optimal solution. For large networks, this research developed a GA-based metaheuristic solver which generates reasonably good solutions in a much shorter time. The proposed tool is evaluated on a real-world network in the vicinity of Jiandingpo metro station in Chongqing, China. The results demonstrated that the proposed ATIS tool reduces both buses operation cost and passenger walking distance. It is also able to significantly bring down computation time from more than 1 hour to about 1 min without sacrificing too much on solution optimality.
ISSN: 1024-123X
EISSN: 1563-5147
DOI: 10.1155/2018/6925764
Rights: Copyright © 2018 Xin Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The following publication Li, X., Wei, M., Hu, J., Yuan, Y., & Jiang, H. (2018). An agent-based model for dispatching real-time demand-responsive feeder bus. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2018, 6925764 is available at
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